Monday, August 31, 2009


Price Including ST w.e.f 14/06/2009

Identification Price
Liana 1.3L RXI MT Rs. 952,000/-
Liana 1.3L RXI MT CNG Rs. 1,024,000/-
Liana 1.3L LXI MT Rs. 1,015,000/-
Liana 1.3L LXI MT CNG Rs. 1,081,000/-
Liana 1.6L Eminent AT Rs. 1,086,000/-


Price Including ST w.e.f 14/06/2009

Identification Price
Cultus 410 VXR Rs. 750,000/- *
Cultus 410 VXR CNG Rs. 790,000/- *
Cultus 410 VXL Rs. 810,000/- *
Cultus 410 VXL CNG Rs. 857,000/- *

Note : * Add Rs. 5000/- for the Metallic Color


Price Including ST w.e.f 14/06/2009

Identification Price
Alto 410 VXR Rs. 588,000/- *
Alto 410 VXR CNG Rs. 637,000/- *

Note : * Add Rs. 5000/- for the Metallic Color


Price Including ST w.e.f 10/07/2009

Identification Price
Mehran 308R VX Rs. 399,000/- *
Mehran 308R VX CNG Rs. 449,000/- *
Mehran 308R VXR Rs. 450,000/- *
Mehran 308R VXR CNG Rs. 499,000/- *
Mehran 308R VE Rs. 402,000/- *
Mehran 308R VE CNG Rs. 452,000/- *


Note : * Add Rs. 5000/- for the Metallic Color



Price Including ST w.e.f 01/03/2009

Identification Price
APV 1.5L Petrol Rs. 1,620,000/-
APV 1.5L CNG Rs. 1,675,000/-



Price Including ST w.e.f 15/01/2009

Identification Price
JLX M/T Rs. 1,750,000/-
JLSX M/T Rs. 1,495,000/-
JLDX M/T Rs. 1,620,000/-


Price Including ST w.e.f 10/07/2009


Identification Price
ST 308 VTR Rs. 467,000/- *
ST 308 VTR GL Rs. 527,000/- *
ST 308 VTR CNG Rs. 519,000/- *
ST 308 VTR GL CNG Rs. 579,000/- *

Note : * Add Rs. 5000/- for the Metallic Color


Price Including ST w.e.f 10/07/2009

Identification Price
Ravi STD Petrol Rs. 409,000/- *
Ravi STD CNG Rs. 459,000/- *

Note : * Add Rs. 5000/- for the Metallic Color

Honda Accord

Like its predecessor, the new i-DTEC engine is compact, lightweight, refined and quiet in operation. It employs the latest piezoelectric multi-stage fuel injection technology, more efficient exhaust gas recirculation and a particulate filter for significantly reduced emissions. At the same time both power and torque levels have been increased for a sportier driving experience.
Output is 10 PS greater at 150 PS/110 kW at the same 4,000 rpm, while peak torque is now 350 Nm at 2,000 rpm. Improved engine flexibility is reflected in a 9.6 second 0-100 km/h time, yet combined fuel consumption, is only 5.6 l/100km. Equally, CO2 emissions are just 148 g/km.
The 2.0-litre i-VTEC offers similar levels of performance to its predecessor - 156 PS at 6,300 rpm - but builds on its class leading fuel economy. Combined cycle consumption is now 7.2 l/100 km compared to the 7.7 l/100 km of the previous Accord saloon.
Key technological changes include increased diameter intake valves, further optimised valve lift and timing and increased inlet and exhaust air flow volumes.
The 2.4-litre engine is more powerful, delivering 201 PS at 7,000 rpm and peak torque of 234 Nm at 4,500 rpm - up from 190 PS and 223 Nm. Its effortless performance is all the more remarkable given the improved fuel economy - now 8.8 l/100km.
Behind the figures are a compression ratio increased from 10.5 to 11.0:1, larger diameter valves, revised valve timing, and reduced exhaust system pressures.
6-speed manual/5-speed automatic
All three engines are matched to a 6-speed manual transmission, while both petrol engines have the option of a 5-speed automatic.
Manual models feature a 'Shift Indicator Light' or SIL which appears in the centre of the rev counter. 'UP' or 'DOWN' are displayed to advise the driver of the optimum point at which to change gear; Honda tests have demonstrated fuel savings of as much as 5 per cent simply by following these commands.
The 5-speed automatic transmission now has a straight 'P R N D S' gate: using the steering wheel paddles in S mode provides a sequential shift mode, allowing manual shifting and gear hold.
Agile, secure handling
Enthusiastic drivers will also appreciate the new Honda Accord's greater agility. A lowered centre of gravity, a wider track and the all-new front double wishbone and rear multilink suspension with variable rate dampers, plus greater body rigidity mean that the Accord more readily reacts to driver input. Handling is more responsive and confidence-inspiring and body roll is much reduced.
Speed sensitive electric power steering is standard on all models and the new axial system features a high output, low inertia brushless motor which provides excellent steering feel at higher speeds for a sense of stability and confidence. A quicker steering ratio has also been adopted in keeping with the Accord's more agile chassis characteristics.
A comprehensive safety package
Complementing an armoury of passive safety features is an outstanding array of dynamic systems delivering even greater security.. VSA (Vehicle Stability Assist) is standard across the range and is designed to assist the driver in maintaining control during cornering, acceleration and sudden manoeuvres by applying braking to the right or left hand wheels as necessary and modulating the engine torque output as required.
Motion Adaptive EPS
The new Honda Accord also features an innovative system in which the capabilities of both VSA and the car's Electric Power Steering are brought to bear. Called Motion Adaptive EPS, it detects instability in slippery conditions both during cornering and under braking and automatically initiates steering inputs aimed at prompting the driver to steer in the correct direction.
The input is barely noticeable and control of the steering remains with the driver at all times. But this supporting steering torque is enough to prompt the driver to act intuitively and the driver's reaction as a result is enough to regain stability or to shorten braking distances, allowing control to be maintained.
ADAS optional across the range
Optionally available on Executive grade on 2.2 i-DTEC and 2.4 i-VTEC is Honda's Advanced Driving Assist System (ADAS), a suite of three ground-breaking technologies that raise safety to a new level. The first of these is the Lane Keeping Assist System (LKAS) which uses a camera to detect the car deviating from a traffic lane and provides steering torque when necessary, thereby reducing the burden of motorway driving while at the same time enhancing safety.
Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) uses a millimetre-wave radar to maintain a consistent distance to a vehicle directly in front, for more relaxed, less tiring driving: and Collision Mitigation Brake System (CMBS) monitors the following distance and closing rate between the Accord and the car directly in front of it, warning the driver when a collision is likely and helping reduce impact when a collision becomes unavoidable.
These systems complement the Accord's passive safety features which include front seatbelt pre-tensioners and load limiters, dual stage front airbags, driver and front passenger side airbags, full length curtain airbags and ISOFIX fittings and tether anchor points for secure childseat fixture on all models. There are also front seat active headrests which are triggered when the occupant is pushed into the seat in the event of a rear impact, so causing a rigid plate to activate a link to the headrest which pushes it forward to support the head.
Advanced Compatibility Engineering (ACE) Body Structure
Progressively introduced throughout the Honda range, the Accord's Advanced Compatibility Engineering (ACE) Body Structure provides significantly enhanced occupant protection in a variety of real-world crash conditions.
A front-mounted polygonal main frame is designed to prevent cabin deformation by distributing forces through multiple major load bearing pathways - and away from the passenger compartment. This is particularly important where a frontal collision occurs between vehicles of differing heights, weights or frame construction.
To achieve top level, side impact safety, Honda's engineers have increased the side section of the frame and chosen different material specifications to provide the desired level of stiffness and strength for critical areas, without adding unnecessary weight.
The new Honda Accord also incorporates many of the pedestrian-protection design features already familiar from recent Honda models, including windscreen wiper pivots designed to break away on impact, energy absorbing front wing mounts and bonnet hinges alongside an unobstructed area beneath the bonnet allowing greater space for deformation.
Premium interior with carefully selected materials and outstanding fit and finish
The sporty feel of the cockpit is reflected in a fascia design characterised by a strong feeling of personal space for both the driver and front passenger. Distinctive silver trim sweeps inwards across the fascia from either side before continuing down into the centre console. Stylish and highly supportive front seats have larger bolsters while a new internal structure is designed to reduce any transmission of vibration.
Black with silver trim, the sporty three spoke steering wheel holds a complete suite of controls - including audio , cruise control and mobile telephone control. It is fully adjustable for reach and rake, with an extra 10 degrees of tilt adjustment compared to the previous Accord.
The new Honda Accord features 'floating' backlit instruments and contained within the centre of the speedometer face is an LCD multi-information display showing a variety of information - controls positioned on the steering wheel allow the driver to cycle the display through multiple screens of information.
A new feature is a service reminder that presents the driver with either the distance or days remaining to a required service, with an enlarged warning symbol appearing when the due date is imminent.
Storage space includes two centre console side pockets; a lidded storage area to side of the steering wheel; large front door pockets able to hold bottles and maps; bottle holders in the rear door panels, and a large centre console box. Rather than a fold-down pocket design, the large glovebox now has an independent lid and is subdivided with a tissue box compartment as well as space secured for a manual. The lid of the centre console box doubles up as an armrest and is slide-adjustable by 89 mm. Two cupholders are provided in the centre console, while rear seat passengers have access to a further two contained in the centre armrest, revealed when it is folded down.
Comprehensive equipment availability
The Accord's comprehensive specification includes power windows all round, those in the front with auto up and down and an obstruction detection device; auto lights and wipers on Sport and Executive models; dual-zone automatic climate control and, on higher grade models, rear seat vents with a feed to the centre console storage box to enable drinks to be cooled or warmed..
Entry level Accords are equipped with a radio/single CD player with built-in 30W 4 channel amp and six speakers. Higher grade models have a premium audio system with 6 CD changer unit located in the centre console, a separate high power amp delivering 45W x 8 channels and no fewer than 10 speakers.
Fifth generation and later iPods can now be played via the USB docking point located in the centre console storage box, where an auxiliary jack point and power outlet can also be found.
The advanced satellite navigation system - standard on Executive grade and optional on other models - now boasts an 8-inch screen, RDS, voice recognition in five languages (English, French, German, Italian and Spanish) and covers most European countries including for the first time Poland, Slovakia, Hungary and the Czech Republic.
Load Capacity
At 467 litres (VDA), the saloon's luggage capacity is best in class measured against other premium contenders. The boot loading height is also a convenient 678 mm, down 80 mm. Further practicality is provided by highly visible and easily reached rear seat release catches located just within the upper edge of the boot opening.
Despite its dynamic styling, the Tourer's luggage capacity at 395 litres (VDA) with all seats in place, is one of the best in the sport wagon category. In practical terms, that is sufficient to comfortably accomodate four 46 inch golf bags or four large suitcases. Larger loads can be carried with the rear seats folded, and in this configuration the Tourer is able to transport a mountain bike, without the need to remove the bike's wheels first. .
To open up the Tourer's luggage area, the one-motion rear seats can be readily collapsed in a single action to create a virtually flat load space with flush, clean sides.
Set within the rear half of the load area is an underfloor storage space which is a useful 250 mm deep and adds 53 litres to the Accord Tourer's overall load space. On either side are two smaller compartments accessed by means of their own covers.
The highly practical, retractable tonneau cover features a large, easy-to-grip handle, and large guides on either side of the luggage area into which it can be quickly and easily slotted.
Like its predecessor, the new Honda Accord Tourer is available with a power operated tailgate, operation is via the key fob or via a switch located in the tailgate's lower edge.

Honda Accord

Aimed squarely at challenging established premium contenders in the D-segment, Honda's all-new Honda Accord saloon and Tourer offer sporty styling, greater refinement and a unique package of safety systems, together with excellent dynamic capabilities and strong environmental credentials in the form of an all-Euro 5-emissions compliant engine line-up.
Significantly wider and slightly lower, the styling adopts a more emotional, sporty motif. The 'sharp-edged' design, with pronounced muscular wheelarches that emphasise the car's wider track, gives the Accord a distinctive, strong stance with a solid, planted feel. The distinctive nose and more flowing lines deliver a tauter, more athletic shape.
The evolution from the previous generation Accord is even more pronounced in the case of the Tourer, where a greater emphasis on load carrying practicality has evolved into a more dynamic expression of its advanced technology, while still retaining a strong degree of versatility and practicality.
Three advanced new engines with some of the lowest emissions in their segment
The new range is one of the first to offer a complete engine line-up that will comply with the forthcoming Euro 5 emissions regulations which aren't due to be introduced until September 2009. Thee exceptional environmental credentials hasn't been achieved at the cost of driving enjoyment, however, and greater frugality is matched by greater performance and flexibility.
Making its debut is Honda's second-generation diesel engine which builds on the outstanding qualities of the award-winning i-CTDi unit to raise the bar in the diesel stakes once again. Its advanced technology and overall capabilities place it firmly at the forefront of diesel development and underpins the Accord's claim to offer one of the strongest combinations of dynamic performance and environmental responsibility in the marketplace.

Honda Accord

The Accord sports comfort as well as a commanding presence. And it retains core Accord attributes like low emissions and fuel efficiency[1].

[1] 22 mpg city/31hwy/25 combined for 4-cylinder models with manual transmission. 19 mpg city/29 hwy/23 combined for V-6 models. Based on 2010 EPA mileage estimates, reflecting new EPA fuel economy methods beginning with 2008 models. Use for comparison purposes only. Do not compare to models before 2008. Your actual mileage will vary depending on how you drive and maintain your vehicle.

2009 Honda Civic Sedan: Road Test

Our road test for the 2009 Honda Civic Sedan includes a full evaluation of the 2009 Honda Civic Sedan from the inside out. We evaluate not only engine and handling performance for the 2009 Honda Civic Sedan, but also interior cabin and cargo space. Let our comprehensive road test ratings for the 2009 Honda Civic Sedan help you decide if a 2009 Honda Civic Sedan is right for you.
Consumer Guide Automotive
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LX, manual EX, automatic Si w/navigation GX Class Average
5 5 6 4 5

With either transmission, 140-hp Civics are lazy away from a stop, but have adequate power around town and for highway merging and passing; the automatic is especially alert to throttle inputs. Slick-shifting Si models crave high rpm and respond with terrific acceleration.

With 27 less horsepower and 150 lb more weight, the GX can't match other Civics for acceleration. It feels perfectly adequate around town, however. The loss of power is more noticeable in highway passing maneuvers, where the GX labors to gain speed.
LX, manual EX, automatic Si w/navigation GX Class Average
8 7 8 10 7.1

In Consumer Guide testing, sedans with automatic transmission averaged 26.1-28.5 mpg. Si models averaged 26.3-29.4 mpg. Si requires premium-grade gas, other Civics use regular.

The only way to compare "fuel economy" of a Civic GX with gasoline cars is to calculate cost per mile. At $4.00/gallon, an automatic-transmission Civic that gets 28.5 mpg equals about 14 cents per mile. By contrast, over 115.7 miles in a Civic GX, the cost to fill it was $6.49, or 5.6 cents per mile. Thus, with gas at $4.00/gallon, we got the cost equivalent of 71.3 mpg on the test Civic GX.
LX, manual EX, automatic Si w/navigation GX Class Average
6 6 4 6 5.2

Sedans take bumps in stride, with good absorbency and little float or wallow. LX and EX versions are especially stable at highway speeds. Even the firm-suspension Si never jars.
LX, manual EX, automatic Si w/navigation GX Class Average
6 6 7 6 5.9

DX models are competent, but no more than midpack for steering response or resistance to cornering lean. LX and EX versions could use more grip in fast turns, but feel reassuringly responsive in most changes of direction. Agile Si models are tenacious in corners, though they suffer slight torque-steer. All Civics have fine straightline stability even in crosswinds, plus effective stopping control with good pedal modulation.
LX, manual EX, automatic Si w/navigation GX Class Average
6 6 4 6 4.8

Non-Si models are near top of the class in suppression of road and wind noise. Some testers find the 140-hp engine on the noisy side. Si versions have a snarling engine and exhaust notes, which are race-car invigorating.
LX, manual EX, automatic Si w/navigation GX Class Average
6 6 5 6 5.9

Civic's two-tier instrument panel places an analog tachometer ahead of the driver and separately housed digital speedometer directly above. The design works to good overall effect. The speedometer's digits are in driver's line of sight for viewing without taking focus off the road. Climate controls are within easy reach, though audio switchgear requires a stretch. The navigation system takes time to master, has undersized buttons, and absorbs too many audio functions, but programming via predetermined voice commands is a plus. Its screen is difficult to read in changing light conditions.
LX, manual EX, automatic Si w/navigation GX Class Average
6 7 7 6 5.1

Controls move with smooth precision. Civic's cabin materials are a laudable mix of high-grade plastics and fabrics. EX and Si have richer trim with a more upmarket feel.
LX, manual EX, automatic Si w/navigation GX Class Average
5 5 5 5 5.6

A standard tilt and telescopic steering column and height-adjustable driver seat help tailor an accommodating driving position. The seats astutely blend support and comfort. Si's seats are further bolstered for a glued-in-place feel in fast cornering. Tall occupants have no excess headroom, especially beneath the sunroof housing. Long front roof pillars impede outward view to the corners; long dashtop shelf and sloping nose complicate judging distance in close quarters. Some sunlight conditions trigger annoying windshield reflections.
LX, manual EX, automatic Si w/navigation GX Class Average
4 4 4 4 4

Sedans have adequate adult headroom. Knee space is tight with the front seats far aft. Foot space is good unless the front cushions are near their lowest point. A flat floor aids overall comfort, as does the firm, well-contoured seat. The doors open wide for good entry and exit.
LX, manual EX, automatic Si w/navigation GX Class Average
3 3 3 2 4.9

A wide, tall trunk with a generous opening and low liftover highlight Civic's cargo area. The lid hinges intrude on the cargo area. All but GX have a folding rear seatback. Interior storage is very good.
LX, manual EX, automatic Si w/navigation GX Class Average
9 10 7 9 6.6

Dynamically, Civic matches the class-leading Volkswagen Jetta and Mazda 3. That's high praise, even if the Honda isn't quite as substantial feeling as the Jetta, or, except for the Si, quite as athletic as the Mazda. Civic is more comfortable than most rivals, despite being only as big inside as it absolutely needs to be. With its two-tiered instrument layout and some futuristic shapes, the interior is innovative, entertaining even, without sacrificing functionality. What no competitor matches is this Best Buy's particular fusion of engineering, style, value, and reputation for reliability and strong resale value. Despite its limited availability, few cars can match the Civic GX's operating economy.
Total Score
LX, manual EX, automatic Si w/navigation GX Class Average
64 65 60 64 60.1

Total Score: 63

Scores for all Compact Cars
Low Score
Average Score
High Score

Honda Civic

xpert Ratings Summary (view detailed report)
Category LX, manual Rating Compact Car Average Rating
Acceleration 5 5
Fuel Economy 8 7.1
Ride Quality 6 5.2
Steering/Handling/Braking 6 5.9
Quietness 6 4.8
Controls 6 5.9
Details 6 5.1
Room/Comfort/Driver Seating (front) 5 5.6
Room/Comfort (rear) 4 4
Cargo Room 3 4.9
Value within Class 9 6.6
Total Score: 64 60.1

2009 Honda Civic

Vehicle Highlights

The 2009 Honda Civic Sedan gets slightly freshened exterior styling, a few new features, and some new trim levels. The Civic comes as a 4-door sedan and a 2-door coupe (see separate report). Also offered is a gas/electric Hybrid sedan (see separate report), as well as a sedan that runs on compressed natural gas (CNG). Sedans in DX, LX, EX, EX-L, and sporty Si trims. New for 2009 are DX-VP and LX-S. The limited-edition MUGEN Si has been discontinued. DX, DX-VP, LX, LX-S, EX, and EX-L have a 140-hp 1.8-liter 4-cylinder engine. Si versions have a 197-hp 2.0-liter four. Available for sale in California and New York and to fleets is the Civic GX, which uses a 113-hp 1.8-liter 4-cylinder engine that runs on CNG. All 140-hp Civics come with a 5-speed manual or 5-speed automatic transmission. GX models are automatic only. Si only comes with a 6-speed manual. Available safety features include ABS, traction control, antiskid system, curtain side airbags, and front side airbags. EX-L models have leather upholstery with heated front seats. A navigation system with voice activation is available on EX, EX-L, Si, and Hybrid. New for 2009 is an available wireless cell-phone link for EX, EX-L, and Si.

Consumer Guide Automotive places each vehicle into one of 18 classes based on size, price, and market position. Compact Cars comprise popularly priced sedans, hatchbacks, and wagons with wheelbases 99.4 inches or longer.

Our Best Buys include the Honda Civic, Nissan Versa, and Scion xB. Our Recommended picks are the Chevrolet HHR, Hyundai Elantra, and Mazda 3.

New or significantly redesigned models include the Ford Focus (coupe), Hyundai Elantra Touring, Mitsubishi Lancer Ralliart, Pontiac Vibe, Toyota Corolla, Toyota Matrix, and Volkswagen Jetta SportWagen. The Volkswagen Jetta also adds a diesel engine.

Honda City Fifth generation

The new Honda City was unveiled in Bangkok, Thailand at Siam Paragon on the 10th of September 2008[3] followed by New Delhi, India on 25 September 2008[4]. and January 2009 in Pakistan and Indonesia. Honda also announced that the City will be offered in selected European countries with a 1.4 liter i-VTEC engine mated to either a 5-speed manual or a 6-speed i-SHIFT automated manual transmission.[5]

Guangzhou Honda will be developing a Honda Civic-sized sedan based on the Honda City chassis for the Chinese market. It will have a new name and a new shape but will use the City's underpinings and a 1.8 liter engine. This new car will compete against Dongfeng Honda's Civic and FAW Toyota's Corolla.[6]

The Thai market Honda City comes in three variants - S model, V Model and SV model. The Indonesian market was offered with two trims, the lower-spec S and the higher-spec E with reclining seats. Both are powered by a 1.5 engine putting out 120 bhp, and both are available in manual and automatic transmissions.

Honda launched the new City in the Philippines on the 7th of January 2009 with four variants; the 1.3 A with manual transmission, 1.3 S with manual and automatic transmissions and the 1.5 E, whose automatic gearbox is equipped with paddle shifts that promote more sporty driving enjoyment. All variants are now equipped with a SOHC, 16-valve i-VTEC engines, creating an all-i-VTEC roster for Honda Cars this year. As a result, drivers need not to worry about the lack of horsepower[7].

It will be launched in Malaysia on the 18th of December 2008.[8] It is scheduled to arrive in Singapore by the end of September. For the first time, the car will be built and sold outside Asia, being assembled in Argentina from 2009 on. Honda launched the new city in Pakistan on 31 January 2009. It being produced at Honda plant at Lahore and is available in two variants, 5 speed automatic transmission and 5 speed manual transmission. Both models have a 1.3 liter i-VTEC engine.

Guangzhou Honda will be selling the Honda City in China from the 12th of December 2008 onwards. Unlike other markets where the largest engine option is a 1.5 liter, the Chinese market Honda City will have an R18A 1.8 liter engine option.[9]

In February 2009, Honda Australia have released the Thai made City into the Australian market in two 1.5 litre variants (VTi and VTi-L). According to Honda Australia boss, Yasuhide Mizuno, the City will compete with other light sedans such as the Japanese made Toyota Yaris sedan, Korean made Holden Barina and the Thai made Nissan Tiida.[10] This will be the first City released in Australia since the 1980s. It will replace the market position used to be occupied by a former generation smaller-sized Civic.

This Honda City is also present in India with the engine of the 1.5 i-VTEC. This car is in two variants : namely S MT which is manual gear and the S AT which is the automatic version.

Honda city debacle in India. Currently the government is looking into the matter of Honda overpricing their cars under the MRTP act. A honda city in India lacks the most basic features including Alloys wheels and a cd changer offered by other cars in the segment with a price premium of INR 250000 over the competition. Additionally Honda Jazz, another car from the honda stable has eaten into its sedan sales.

[edit] Advertising

The music group Madness appeared in a Japanese TV ad campaign for the Honda City. The jingle was written by the entire band, which also appeared in the TV ad, doing its famous "nutty walk". The band apparently liked the jingle so much that they expanded it into a three minute pop song and released it as a b-side (B/W "Cardiac Arrest") that reached #14 in the UK charts. It was also included on Complete Madness, the band's best-selling greatest hits compilation from 1982. The track version of "In The City" replaced the repeated brand name "Honda Honda Honda..." with the more generic "doomba doomba doomba". The TV advertisements were included (though not listed) on the Divine Madness VHS video in 1992.

Honda City

he first Honda City was made in 1981. It was innovative due to its tall seating arrangement, creating comparable legroom to a car many times its size. Produced as a 3-door hatchback and 2-door cabriolet in many trim levels, it proved a popular car on the Japanese market. Options for the City included a turbocharged Honda ER engine that displaced 1,237cc (one of the few Honda models to be turbocharged)(Pro-T, Aus), and - unique to the City - a 50cc 'foldaway' scooter, designed to fit in the City's small luggage area.

Exports of the City were primarily to Europe (where it was renamed Honda Jazz, due to Opel using the City name on the Kadett hatchback), Australia (in two seater 'van' form, to circumvent Australian import restrictions on passenger vehicles at the time) and New Zealand (where it was locally assembled).

Honda City

he Honda City is a subcompact car manufactured by the Japanese manufacturer Honda since 1981 for the Asian market.

Since 2002, the City is also known as the Honda Fit Aria. It is a subcompact sedan that uses Honda's Global Small Car platform, which is also used by the Fit/Jazz (a five-door hatchback), the Airwave (a wagon version of the Fit Aria/City), the Mobilio, and the Mobilio Spike. One of the characteristics shared by the Fit/Jazz, City/Fit Aria, and Airwave, is the location of the fuel tank. Rather than placing it under the rear seats, it is located under the front seats, thereby freeing up valuable room in the back.

Suzuki Liana 2009



Overall length mm
Overall width mm
Overall hight mm
Wheelbase mm
Tread Front mm
Tread Rear mm

Number of valves
Compression ratio
Maximum output kw/rpm

Maximum torque Nm/rpm

Fule distribution

Gear ratio 1st

Gear ratio 2nd

Gear ratio 3rd

Gear ratio 4th

Gear ratio 5th

Gear ratio Reverse

Final Gear ratio

Rack and pinion
Brakes Front
Ventilated discs
Brakes Rear
Leading and trailing drums
Suspension Front
McPherson strut and coil spring
Suspension Rear
Strut coil spring
Seating Persons
Fuel Tank Litre
Gas cylinder for CNG version litre (Water capacity)





Power steering

Power windows

Power outside mirrors

Central door locking system

Keyless entry (with answerback)


Air Conditioner

"2 DIN CD/cassette/AM/FM tuner (4 speakers)
with MP3 + remote control

Glass embedded antenna

Instrument Panel
Information display (digital clock & outside temp gauge)


Light-off & Key reminder

Fuel warning indicator

3-spoke urethane streering wheel

Tilt steering

Steering lock

Cabin light (3 position)

Trunk room light

Sun visiors (drive & passenger side)

Vanity mirrors (drive & passenger)

Cup holder (Fr:2, Rr:2)

Day/night rear view mirror

Material of front seats & rear seats


Split (6:4)single folding rear seat backs

Front seat head restraints

Rear seat head restraints

Front door armrests

Assist grips (Fr:1, Rr:2)

Silver painted inside door handles

Front door pockets (both sides)

Front seat back pockets (both sides)

Centre console box

Cigarette lighter

Ashtray (front & rear)

Accessory socket (floor centre console)

2 coat hooks


Remote fuel lid opener

Trunk lid opener

Multi reflector headlights

Windowscreen wipers (2-speed+intermittent)

Front windshield shade band

Rear window demister

Green tinted glass window

Body coloured side splash panels

Body coloured bumpers

Body coloured outside mirrors

Body coloured outside door handle

Body coloured side mouldings

Blacked out center piller & door sash

Chrome trunk lid garnish

Front fog lamps

Steel wheels with 14-inch full wheel covers

14-inch aluminium wheels



Muffler end piece

Rear mud flaps


Safety & Security
ABS with EBD (electronic brake force distribution)


Front seat belts (3 point ELRx2)

Shoulder adjusters for front seat belts

Rear seat belts (3- point ELRx2, lap type x1)

Hight-mount stop lamp

Child-proof rear door locks

Side impact beams

CNG Version

PAK SUZUKI MOTOR CO., LTD reserves the right to change, without notice, prices, colours, materials, equipment, specifications and model, and also to discontinue models.

RAVI Pick Up 800cc

RAVI Pick Up 800cc

Suzuki Ravi is the veritable cargo vehicle with an amazing capacity for load-bearing and durability. Undoubtedly, the unrivalled commercial vehicle in its class, Ravi is the breadwinner for millions in Pakistan. This light commercial vehicle referred to as the mini revolution, replaced the animal-drawn vehicles in Pakistan.

Suzuki Alto

he Suzuki Alto is a very small car (kei car) designed by Suzuki. Its selling points include low price and good fuel economy. The model was introduced in 1979 and has been built in many countries worldwide.

Suzuki Alto Export markets

Early Altos were exported with few changes apart from enlarged engines and bodywork and different nomenclature. So the SS40 became the SS80 with a 796-cc engine. (Some Fronte models were also called Alto in Europe.) However, as Suzuki made agreements with companies such as Maruti to build their models, it began to be possible to sell different models to different areas:

* The CA71 is made with the 796-cc engine in India as the Maruti 800, in Pakistan by Pak Suzuki as the Mehran 800, and in China by (among others) Chang'an, Jiangbei and Jiangnan. This model, rather than the CL11, was exported to Europe until 1994.
* The CL11 was made in Korea, Romania and Uzbekistan as the Daewoo Tico, and in China by Anchi.
* In 1994 the CA71 Alto was replaced for European consumption by the Maruti-built version of the Cervo Mode, which was sold as the Alto until 2002.
* The HA12 is made in India as the Maruti Alto (in a longer and wider form with 796- or 1061-cc engines, with 5 doors), and this was exported to Europe as the Suzuki Alto from 2002. It is also made by Pak Suzuki in Pakistan, and was formerly made by Chevrolet in Colombia.
* The current Alto is exported with a 996-cc engine producing 65 hp (48 kW).

Thus the European Suzuki Altos are really:

* 1979-84: SS40 Altos with 796-cc engine
* 1984-94: CA71 Altos (coded SB308) and CA91 (also coded SB308) with 796-cc 3-cylinder F8B engine developing approximately 34 hp (25 kW), with 4-speed manual or 2-speed automatic transmission.
* 1994-2002: Maruti Zens (based on the Cervo Mode), with 993-cc engine.
* 2002- ? : Maruti Altos (based on the HA12 Alto), with 1061-cc engine.
* 2009 to date Maruti Suzuki A-Star, with 996-cc engine.

The Suzuki Alto European market version of the Maruti Suzuki A-Star was unveiled at the 2008 Paris Motor Show. It was developed to be a global car and will be made at Maruti Suzuki's plant in Manesar, Haryana, India. It is stylistically based on the Suzuki A-Star Concept.[1] The Alto was conceived as a response to high petrol prices and global warming. The vehicle’s emissions will be only 103g of CO2/km. It will be an eco-friendly car priced from £6,795 OTR.[2] The Maruti Suzuki A-Star is also produced for the Nissan, its version is called Nissan Pixo.

The locally-made versions of the various Altos have had long production lives, and have sometimes won great popularity, as with the Maruti 800. In particular the CA71 generation has been produced in many countries, and can frequently be seen being offered as a cheap city car among several more newly-designed products.

Suzuki Alto History (Japanese market)

The 1st generation (SS30/40) was a 3-door cargo version of the Fronte passenger car, equipped with a folding rear seat. The Alto used either a two-stroke 539cc (SS30) or a four-stroke 543cc (SS40) three-cylinder engine, producing 28 hp (21 kW) and 31 hp (23 kW) respectively. In addition to the Alto and Fronte, a 3-door fastback coupé (Cervo) and a 2-door pick-up (Mighty Boy) were also available.

The 2nd generation (CA71/72) (see 3rd photograph on this page) was introduced in 1984. It continued with the SS40's engine, but was also available with turbocharged and multi-valve engines in the "Works" series. A 5-door body (identical to the Fronte's) became available in 1985. A Cervo on the SS71 base was introduced in 1988, with a new 547-cc engine. Four-wheel drive was also available.

The 3rd generation (CL11/21/22) replaced the CA71 in 1988. It had strikingly angular styling, with an unusual glazed C-pillar on the 5-door. Initially it used the SS71 Cervo's engine, but when the kei-car standards were changed in 1990 the capacity was increased to 657 cc. This was the last generation of Alto to have an associated Fronte model. An unusual feature of this generation was the availability of a version with sliding doors, the Slide Slim, intended to make it easier to enter and exit in tight spaces. Suzuki also produced a version (the Hustle) with a high roof behind the front seats, which was unusual in that it used a modification of the Alto's body rather than a completely new body; this made it possible to link the Hustle with the Alto, but made the styling rather unharmonious. Its appearance was similar to the Nissan AD Max van

The 4th generation (HA11) appeared in 1994. The 657-cc engines were joined by a new high-performance 658-cc. The styling displays an interesting blend of features: the tailgate and rear doors are still fairly angular, but the front is beginning to be more rounded - a trend which would be continued in later years.

The 5th generation Alto (HA12/22) was introduced in 1998. The styling was generally more rounded, the shape of the cabin showing the Alto's relationship with the new Kei. The 658-cc engine was produced in a version without a turbocharger, joining the turbocharged version and the 657-cc engines. Several derivatives were produced from this generation. Suzuki produced two "classic-style" versions: the Alto C [1] with a deep chrome grille and a curious headlamp arrangement by which circular main lamps were joined with ovoid sidelights and indicators, which was shared with the Alto Works[2]; and the Alto C2 [3] which had separate headlamps and sidelights and a wider grille. Mazda also sold the standard Alto as the Carol, and Mitsuoka used the Carol as a basis for their Ray.

The 6th generation (HA24) was introduced in 2004. The bonnet and headlamps curved down at the front, giving a similar effect to the Toyota WiLL Vi or the Citroen C2. The Alto was re-aligned within the range to accommodate new models such as the Cervo and Alto Lapin. In Japan, this version of the Alto was rebadged as the Nissan Pino and the Mazda Carol.

[edit] Performance versions

Performance versions of the Alto started to appear in 1985 when a turbocharged engine was made available. The CA71 gradually acquired more performance-related modifications until the Works version was introduced in 1987. The Alto Works was the first kei-car to reach the legal limit of 64 hp (48 kW). It acquired considerable popularity, and models of it are still made by Fujimi.

The performance models continued in the Alto's later versions; as technology and the kei car regulations changed more performance became available, and incarnations such as the RS/X and RS-Z were released. By 1999 the top engine was a light-alloy 658-cc with turbocharger, DOHC and 4 valves per cylinder, which produced 64 Ps (2,000 Ma) and 80 ft·lbf (110 N·m).

As Suzuki introduced new models into the kei car class, it began to spread the performance engines to other models and designate the Alto as a less costly model. The current Alto is only available with 54PS in Japan; the 64ps engine is now provided in models such as the Kei Works and the Alto Lapin SS.

800cc small vehicle

uzuki Mehran car is 800cc small vehicle. It is very reliable and economical. It is one of the most used cars in Pakistan. The price of this car is between USD5200 to USD5500 which makes it affordable for a middle man. Suzuki mehran car has 4+1 Hatchback doors. Overall length is 3,300mm ,overall width is 1,405mm and overall height is 1,410mm. Wheelbase is 2,175mm, tread front is 1,215mm and tread rear is 1,200mm. The minimum turning radius of the car is 4.4m.
Suzuki mehran car has a 4-stroke cycle, water-cooled, OHC, 3 Cylinders engine. Piston displacement is 766cc. Bore x Stroke is 68.5×72.0mm. Car has a maximum power out put of 29.4/5,500 (kw/rpm) and Maximum torque of 59.0/3,000 (N-m/rpm). Suzuki Mehran is a manual transmission car with 4 forward and 1 reverse transmissions/gears.
Streering is Rack&Pinion, Front Suspension is Strut,Coil spring and rear suspension is leaf spring. Front brakes are disk based while rear brakes are drum based. Tyre is 145/70 SR12. Car has 5 seats, a fuel tank of 30L and CNG cylinder of 40L.
Car has heater, Sun visor on both sides, room lamp with 3 positions, reclining and sliding front seats, adjustable front seat headrest, assist grip (3 pieces), glove compartment, coin receptacle, front ashtray, interior rear view mirror, multi-reflector headlamps, foldable outside mirrors on both sides body side molding, back door lock, child locks and seat belts. CNG option is also available.
Two models are right now avail be, Mehran VX and Mehran VXR.
Suzuki Mehran car VXR has Air Conditioner, Fabric seats, part fabric door trim, colored front and rear bumper and full wheel cover. In those areas where roads are not very friendly, Suzuki Mehran is perhaps one of the best choices.

Suzuki mehran

Suzuki mehran is the largest selling car of pakistan. its engine capacity is 800 cc and it is available for a price range of 6000$. i bought this car 2000. this is basically a small hatch pack car and seating capacity of 4 people and has little luggage space. its top speed 140 km/h which is very difficult to achieve. this car runs good without airconditing but if you start the air conditing the accleration of the car decreases very much and it heats up the engine. basically this car can be used for city drives and it is not much suitable for longer drives such as motorways. it come with a 4 speed manual transmission. this car comes in two models with ac and without ac and there is a difference of 500$ between the prices of the ac and non ac models. it is sold as maruti 800 in india and sold by different names in other countries. the looks of this car are good and the main reason for its popularity is good looks and cheap price.
Rating: 10

Suzuki Ravi: Price July 2009

Suzuki Ravi:

Model Std: Old Price: 441,000 New Price: 409,000
Model CNG: Old Price: 489,000 New Price: 549,000

I think these new prices are offered for a limited time period. The reason for this price deduction was mentioned in a newspapers advertisement: Suzuki Company mentioned in this advertisement that they have reduced the above mentioned prices in celebration of selling more than one million vehicles in Pakistan.

Congratulations to Suzuki Pakistan for such an achievement.

Suzuki Bolan:Rate July 2009

Suzuki Bolan:

Model Std: Old Price: 497,000 New Price: 467,000
Model Std CNG: Old Price: 549,000 New Price: 519,000
Model GL: Old Price: 557,000 New Price: 527,000
Model GL CNG: Old Price: 606,000 New Price: 579,000

updated Suzuki Mehran July, 2009

Updated Suzuki Mehran, Bolan And Ravi Prices: July, 2009

Suzuki is one of the biggest vehicle sellers Company in Pakistan. One of the most selling cars from Suzuki is Mehran and just recently, the price for Suzuki Mehran has been reduced.

Here are the updated prices:

Suzuki Meharn:

Model VX: Old Price: 433,000 New Price: 399,000
Model VX CNG: Old Price: 479,000 New Price: 449,000
Model VXR: Old Price: 480,000 New Price: 450,000
Model VXR CNG: Old Price: 525,000 New Price: 499,000

Manufacture Suzuki

From 1985 through 1989, Cultus-derived models sold in North America — under the nameplates Suzuki Forsa, Suzuki Swift, Chevrolet Sprint, Geo Metro and Pontiac Firefly — were sourced from Suzuki's facilities in Japan. Beginning in 1990, all North American M-cars were produced at CAMI Automotive, a 50-50 joint venture between General Motors and Suzuki in Ingersoll, Ontario, Canada. Japanese production continued to source Canadian sedan models. CAMI never reached its intended Metro/Firefly/Swift capacity.[17] While at its peak, Canadian Swift/Metro/Firefly production reached more than 100,000 vehicles a year, the number fell to just 32,000 in 2000.[18] In response to the waning popularity of smaller automobiles in the North American markets, Chevrolet/Geo sold only 55,600 Metros in 1997, off from 88,700 the year before.[19] In a 2004 Autoweek article, Osamu Suzuki, chairman of Suzuki, called CAMI "a fishbone in my throat" because of its low production.[17]

Assembly also commenced in India (Maruti Suzuki), Hungary (Magyar Suzuki), Pakistan (Pak Suzuki), and China (Chang'an Suzuki). When production began at Magyar Suzuki of the Suzuki Swift in 1992, Suzuki invested $230 million in capital for the new company and flew each of its Hungarian workers to Japan for training in its production methods.[20] Notably, 5-door models of the Generation II (under the nameplate Cultus) are manufactured today in Pakistan and 4-door sedans of Generation II are manufactured today in China.

See photos of Subaru Justy (JMA/MS) "Cultus" at Wikipedia Deutsch

[edit] "Mk" Nomenclature

Mk nomenclature varies by region, emphasizing local marketing distinctions, restylings, and market adaptations

[edit] North America

NA Mk:
Mk1 - 85-88 (Boxy body) — Corresponds to Generation I
MK2 - 89-91 (Round body + Boxy dash) — Corresponds to Generation II
MK3 - 92-94 (Round body + Round dash)— Corresponds to Generation II (first restyle)
Mk4 - 95-97 (Guppy mouth) — Corresponds to Generation III
Mk5 - 98-01 (Razor mouth) — Corresponds to Generation III (first restyle)

[edit] Europe

Euro Mk:
MK1 - '86 to '88 — Corresponds to Generation I
MK2 - '88 to '92 — Corresponds to Generation II
MK3 - '92 to '96 — Corresponds to Generation II (first restyle)
MK4 - '96 to '01 — Corresponds to Generation II (second restyle)
MK5 - '01 to '02 — Corresponds to Generation II (third restyle)
MK6 - '04 onward — Corresponds to Generation IV

[edit] Australia

Australia Mk:
MK1 - SA310 / SA413 (1984-86).[21] — Corresponds to Generation I
MK2 - SF310 / SF413 / SF416 (1989-92)[21] — Corresponds to Generation II
MK3 - SF310 / SF413 / SF416 (1993-99)[21] — Corresponds to Generation II (first restyle)

MK1 Introduced March 1984, the SA Swift was front wheel drive, with a solid axle and drum brakes on the rear, with front disc brakes.

* Models: GA, GL, GC and GLS.

MK2 New rounder body shape with mechanicals similar to the SA model and the solid rear axle replaced by a trailing arm setup.

* Models: GA, GL, GTi 3-door hatchbacks; GL and GLX Sedans, with 4WD available between 1990-91.

MK3 Remodeled interior, revised front and rear bumper fascias. New rounded dashboard.

* Models: GA, (later replaced with the City Car), the Cino, GL and GLX Sedans, and the GTi

[edit] References

1. ^ "GM reduces Suzuki alliance by 17.4 percent to raise $2bn"., March 7, 2006, Renin Paul.
2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Little Big Man, First Look: 1995 Geo Metro"., J.J. Gertler.
3. ^ a b c d "New Car Review 1995 GEO METRO LSi SEDAN". The Auto Channel, Bill Russ.
4. ^ "The 12 Greenest Vehicles in 1999".
5. ^ "Guide: It Isn’t Easy Being Green". The LA Times, John O'Dell, February 18, 1999.
6. ^ "Guide to green cars, trucks released"., March 19, 1998.
7. ^ a b c d "Historia del Chevrolet Sprint (Spanish)".
8. ^ a b "Geo Metro Madness Hits High". USNEWS, May 22, 2008.
9. ^ "1997 Solectria EV"., Seyth Miersma, 05/01/2008.
10. ^ "Who's laughing now? Subcompact owners". London Free Press, Norman De Bono, May 16, 2008.
11. ^ "Gas prices drive Geos from clunkers to chic"., Mallory Simon, May 20, 2008.
12. ^ "The Geo Metro Rides Again, Sort Of". Business Week, Jim Henry, June 2, 2008.
13. ^ "All Hail (or Mourn) the Geo Metro". The New York Times, The Lede, June 10, 2008, Mike Nizza.
14. ^ "Gas costs have drivers thinking smaller, older". Mercury News, Linda Goldston, 05/20/2008.
15. ^ Car and Driver July 2009, pg. 44-53
16. ^ "Economy Champs Get the Cold Shoulder". The New York Times, Matthew L. Wald, November 12, 1995.
17. ^ a b "Pontiac planning to add Chevrolet Equinox-based sport wagon to lineup"., March 5, 2004.
18. ^ "CANADA: CAMI ends Suzuki Swift production"., 5 June 2001.
19. ^ "CAMI gets a new lease on life". Wards Auto World, December 1, 1998.
20. ^ "Company History: Suzuki Motor Corporation".
21. ^ a b c "Suzuki Swift History In Australia".

Metro history Generation I Metro

* 1984 - Suzuki and General Motors announced they would sell rebadged models of the Suzuki Cultus in North America as Chevrolets and Pontiacs, with Suzuki selling their own version as the Forsa.
* 1985 - GM began marketing in North America as the Chevrolet Sprint. The car is also sold as Suzuki Forsa and Pontiac Firefly in Canada. The Chevrolet Sprint was sold only in the Western United States until 1986.
* 1986 - Chevrolet Sprint began nationwide sales in the US. Sprint consumers had a choice of ER, Base, and Turbo models. Firefly marketed in FE, Turbo, and Base models.
* 1987 - The Metro name first appeared on a model of the naturally-aspirated Chevrolet Sprint: the "Chevrolet Sprint Metro."
* 1988 - Production began on the first Geo Metro models at Suzuki's plant in Hamamatsu, Japan.

Generation II Metro

* 1989 - The Geo Metro debuted in the United States, replacing the Sprint. Canadian models continued with the Chevrolet Sprint and Pontiac Firefly nameplates, while the second generation Suzuki Swift replaced the Forsa nameplate. Suzuki begins marketing the Swift in the United States.
* 1990 - Geo introduced Metro LSi models, which included an automatic transmission, air conditioning and a stereo with cassette player. Geo introduced the XFi model optimized for mileage, featuring the three-cylinder engine with a shorter duration cam, leaner fuel map, two ring pistons, and a higher final drive gear ratio and deleting interior amenities (e.g., the passenger mirror), thereby achieving 43 city, 51 highway per the revised 2007 EPA mileage standards. XFi made up less than 10% of Metro sales[2]. Production began at CAMI Automotive, where all remaining Metro models with the exception of convertibles would be produced. The convertible model debuted, available in LSi trim. As with the Metro, the Firefly is offered in sedan and convertible models.
* 1991 - GM increases convertible production and adds paint options.
* 1992 - The Metro received a facelift with new hubcaps, exterior modification and new interior controls. The Pontiac Firefly is dropped.
* 1993 - Convertible production ended. Automatic door locks, which deploy after the car reaches a speed of 10 mph (16 km/h) are introduced this year.
* 1994 - 5-door hatchback production ended. There was also a slight but barely noticeable change in the headlights, as well. Canadian Pontiac dealers began selling the Firefly (first generation) again, but with a facelift. The Convertible is dropped from the Firefly lineup, but Suzuki still produced Firefly and Metro sedans for Canada this year. Geo drops the Xfi model [16].

Generation III Metro

* 1995 - The third generation Metro was introduced with a revised 4-cylinder engine for LSi models with hydraulic lifters and lash adjusters, and a 30,000-mile service interval[2] — supplementing the 3 cylinder models. The hatchback featured a three-inch lower liftover height compared to the Generation II [2], and safety equipment included optional anti-lock brakes, safety cage construction with deformable front and rear crush zones, and steel side impact door safety beams [3] and new daytime running lights — the Metro was the first GM car to get DRLs as standard equipment), as well as dual frontal airbags. The sedan and coupe chassis were 20% and 5% stiffer respectively than the previous generation Metros,[2] and at the time of its introduction, the Metro was the smallest car in the world to meet the impending 1997 side impact standards [2]. The revised sedan was also introduced in the United States, replacing the 5-door hatchback. Its twins, Pontiac Firefly and Suzuki Swift featured the same redesign. The Metro now featured a coefficient of drag of .32 [3]. At the introduction of the Generation III, GM arranged for a car carrier with 1995 Metros to drive to college campuses across the country. Local writers took a half-day seminar at "Metro University" with the head product planner and senior members of the engineering, assembly, and marketing teams [2].
* 1996 - OBD-II (On-Board Diagnostics, Second generation) was added to Metro models, at a cost of some fuel efficiency.
* 1997 - The last year for the Geo brand. The Metro returned in 1998 as with a Chevrolet nameplate.
* 1998 - The Metro now carried the Chevrolet nameplate, along with new front and rear fascias and a SOHC 16v design I-4 1.3L engine with a horsepower increase of 12%. Electronic ignition replaced the distributor, and MPFI (Multiport Fuel Injection) replaced the TBI (Throttle Body Injection). The new motor offered more HP, torque, and higher fuel economy. This I-4 engine replaced the older 8v 4 cylinder, but the 3 cylinder engine remained unchanged.
* 2000 - Metro and Firefly sales to the general public ceased, with fleet sales only returning in 2001.
* 2001 - The Metro's final year. The only model available this year is the 4-door LSi sedan. The Metro continued on sale in Canada. General Motors announces that the Metro would not be included in the 2002 Chevrolet model lineup. CAMI Automotive manufactures the last Metro, a red sedan, in April, 2001.

Beginning in late 2003 as a model year 2004 model, the Daewoo Kalos, marketed variously as the Chevrolet Aveo, Pontiac Wave and Suzuki Swift+, effectively replaced the Metro.

[edit] Pontiac Firefly

The Pontiac Firefly was a marketing and manufacturing variation of the Suzuki Cultus available in Canada and the Middle East from 1985 to 1991, and again from 1994 to 2001 — as a joint effort of GM and Suzuki.

The Firefly received redesigns in 1989 and 1995, following the product cycle of the Geo/Chevrolet Metro. Solely the G10 engine was available from 1989 through 1994, the 1.0 L 3-cylinder. A turbocharged variant of G10 was also available from 1987 to 1991. The Firefly was not marketed for the 1992 and 1993 model years when the 1993-only Asuna brand introduced the larger 1992 LeMans to replace the Passport Optima and the pre-facelift Firefly.

In 1994, the Firefly returned with a facelift following the demise of the Asuna brand. With the Generation III 1995 redesign, the G13 1.3 L 4-cylinder engine also became available. The Firefly was phased out of production after the 2000 model year with its Chevrolet and Suzuki siblings.

From 1991 to 1992, the Firefly was sold in a convertible and in a 4-door sedan. All hatchbacks were manufactured at CAMI, while convertibles and sedans were from sourced from Japanese production.

With model year 2005, the Pontiac Wave, a rebadged Daewoo Kalos, replaced the Firefly.

Geo Metro Suzuki Cultus

he Geo Metro was a marketing and manufacturing variation of the Suzuki Cultus available in North America from 1989 through 2001 as a joint effort of GM and Suzuki. The Metro, which (in the US) carried a Geo nameplate from 1989 through 1997, and a Chevrolet nameplate from 1998 to 2001, evolved with the Cultus and its siblings over 13 years, three generations and four body styles: 3-door hatchback, 4-door sedan, 5-door hatchback and 2-door convertible — and was ultimately replaced by a family of vehicles based on the Daewoo Kalos.

Following the Chevrolet Sprint, which was based on the Generation I Cultus, the Geo Metro was based first on the Generation II Cultus and then on the Generation III platform — a new platform dedicated solely to the North American market. Generations II and III, appearing in 1989 and 1995 respectively, were designed at GM's Technical Center in Warren, Michigan and were designated the GM M platform, and shared engines and drivetrains developed by Suzuki. Production was Japan-sourced until 1990 manufacture commenced at CAMI Automotive — with Japanese production continuing to source Canadian sedan models.

Solectria, a Massachusetts company, converted examples of the Generation I and Generation II Geo Metro to electric operation. Approximately 500 examples of 1996 and 1997 models were converted to electric operation — the bare vehicles were provided by GM without engines. Called the Solectria Force and Solectria EV, the converted vehicles featured 3 phase AC induction motors and regenerative braking. The battery pack consists of 13 Group 27 Decca Dominator Sealed Gel Lead Acid modules.[9]

The Metro enjoyed increased interest as a used car in 2008, by virtue of its fuel mileage and rising fuel costs[8] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14].

Partially because of the renewed interest in the Metro, the July 2009 issue of Car and Driver included a base model 1998 Chevrolet Metro 3-door hatchback among vehicles tested for fuel efficiency alongside two hybrid models: the redesigned Honda Insight and Toyota Prius models. While Car and Driver did jokingly ridicule the age of the car, lack of amenities (The Metro actually lost seven points from its overall score for lack of amenities.), and mentioning that it was originally sold brand-new without hubcaps, the Metro did tie the Prius for best overall fuel economy at 42 MPG. The vehicle finished third overall behind the Insight and Prius.[15]

[edit] Metro engines
Engines for the Metro were from the Suzuki G engine family:

G10: 1.0 L3
In the United States a single engine was available from 1989 through 1994: a 1.0 L I3 engine. Rated at 55 hp (39 kW), the engine achieved 38 city, 45 highway mpg per the revised 2007 EPA mileage standards.

The detuned 49 hp (37 kW) engine in the XFi combined a shorter duration cam, leaner fuel map, two ring pistons, and a higher final drive gear model to achieve 43 city, 51 highway per the revised 2007 EPA mileage standards.

G13: 1.3 L I4
In 1995, with the third generation Metro came the 1.3 L I4 with 70 hp (52 kW). The engine was the same engine that had been in use in the Suzuki Swift (except for the GT models) in prior years. LSi models produced from 1995 onward featured the 4-cylinder engine tuned to produce 79 hp, with the 3-cylinder still used on base models and becoming an option for non-LSi models in 1997.

Canadian Metros had the 1.3 L engine available as an option beginning in 1993 in the 3-door GSi model, and as standard equipment in the sedan (exclusive to the Canadian market at the time: as noted in the previous paragraph, American market Metros were not available in a sedan bodystyle until 1995).

Suzuki Cultus Generation III Swift From 1995

Generation III Swift From 1995 onward, the North American-exclusive Suzuki Swift was built at CAMI Automotive, receiving all the modifications of its Pontiac and Geo/Chevrolet siblings — only in the 3-dr body style, however.

For Generation IV, see Suzuki Swift
For the current Canadian Suzuki Swift+, see Daewoo Kalos

[edit] Chevrolet Sprint

The Chevrolet Sprint was sold in the United States and Canada, with GM continuing to market the Chevette until 1987 alongside the Sprint. In the 1988 model year, the naturally-aspirated hatchback was named the Chevrolet Sprint Metro.

The "Sprint" and "Sprint Metro" differed in their engines, though both were computer controlled carb systems. From 1985 to 1988, the carbureted 1.0 L 3-cylinder engine used a hemispherical head design. Later, fuel injection required the cylinder head for 1989 be redesigned to add the additional cooling required, reducing gas mileage.

The Sprint was originally offered in parts of the western US for the 1985 model year; subsequently Chevrolet marketed the Sprint across North America. All models were initially 3-dr hatchbacks. Starting in 1986, a five-door hatchback version was offered, called the Sprint Plus. That year, another model called the Sprint ER was offered that included a few extra features, such as an "upshift" light to indicate the ideal speed to shift to the next highest gear on manual transmission models. Although air conditioning was offered in all years, the three-speed automatic transmission wasn't offered until 1986. All models featured front-wheel drive and 12-inch tires.

Turbocharged versions of the 1.0 L 3-cylinder engine were available in the Turbo Sprint from 1987 to 1990 (1987-1988 in U.S.). Colors were limited to red, white and blue for the Turbo Sprint. The corresponding Suzuki was not turbocharged; instead, it used a 1.3 L 4-cylinder engine.

The name "Chevette Sprint" was considered before calling the Colombia model (Generation I) the "Chevrolet Sprint" — to distinguish it from the Opel knock down kits imported to Brazil.[7] When presented on 7 October 1986, the Sprint caused a sensation.[7] Slight modifications were made in 1987, including increasing the wheel sizes from 12" to 13" and the Sprint remained in production virtually unchanged til 2004 — with a production of 70,848.[7] Import models of Generation II models were imported from 1991 til 2004 and called the Chevrolet Swift.[7]

See: 1985 US Chevrolet Sprint commercial
See: 1988 Colombia Chevrolet Sprint commercial

Suzuki Cultus developed through Generation II

he Suzuki Cultus developed through Generation II in Japan, and was superseded by the Cultus Crescent — a larger offspring of the Cultus.

[edit] Cultus

The first Cultus was introduced to the JDM initially under the nameplate SA-310 in 1983 as either a 3 or 5-door hatchback with two possible petrol engines from the G family: a three cylinder powerplant with 993 cc, and a four cylinder version with 1324 cc. Power ranged from 60 PS JIS (44 kW) to 75 PS (55 kW). Manual and automatic transmissions were available. A turbocharged version of the smaller engine was later introduced, with power raised to 80 PS (59 kW), and 165/70 HR12 tyres.

The Cultus was slightly restyled in 1986, adopting a new front end, with redesigned grille, headlights and bumper. Engine power was slightly detuned on the 1.0 L and 1.3 L model, and the Cultus Turbo was joined by a more powerful sports version, the Cultus GTi. This featured a new Twin Cam 16v variant of the 1.3 L engine, with 1298 cc, thanks to a shorter stroke (75.5 mm, down from the previous 77 mm), fuel injection and 97 PS (71 kW). Production of the Cultus' first generation stopped in 1988.

The Generation II was introduced in 1988 with similar dimensions and but redesigned to make better use of the cargo area and cabin space. Like its predecessor, the new Cultus was available as a 3- or 5-door hatchback, and was powered by G-series engines from 1.0 L to 1.3 L. However, this last one had adopted an SOHC 16-valve arrangement, with standard fuel injection. Power was 58 PS (43 kW) and 82 PS (60 kW) arrangement. For the first time, 4WD was optional on the larger engine.

The Cultus GTi was now much more powerful, reaching 115 PS JIS (85 kW) with updated version of the previous GTi engine: the G13B engine that had higher compression pistons (11.5:1 compression ratio), tubular exhaust headers, a tubular intake manifold, larger camshafts and a reprogrammed ECU. Some models of the Cultus GTi were also available with all-wheel drive. A limited version of the Gti called Gti Suzuka Edition has been produced for the promotion of the Suzuka racing track. The Suzuka engine is the most powerful engine by displacement in the atmospheric category with his new VVT head.[citation needed]

More well outfitted versions were the Cultus Ellesse (which included automatic air conditioning, central locking, power windows and adjustable steering wheel) and the Esteem, a sedan version. The Esteem featured a larger 1.5 L engine, capable of reaching 91 PS (67 kW), and it was available with optional 4WD. The equipment was the same as the Cultus Ellesse.

In 1992, Suzuki introduced a two-seat convertible, based on the hatchback body — and dropped shortly thereafter.

Japanese Domestic Market Internal Designations

* 1983~1988 AA41S
* 1986~1988 A43S,AB43S,AA53S,AB53S,AA33S,AB33S,AA43V
* 1988~1998 AA34S,AA44S,AB34S,AB44S
* 1992~1993 AK34S, Cultus Convertible

[edit] Cultus Crescent

See also: Suzuki Esteem

The Suzuki Cultus and Cultus Crescent were two distinct but related models sold in Japan by Suzuki — with the Cultus Crescent eventually superseding the Cultus.

The Cultus Crescent was introduced in the Japanese market in 1995 sharing the same platform and many components from the Cultus — with a chassis stretched by 10 cm (4 in) and completely different styling.

The Cultus Crescent was available initially in two body variants, a 3-door hatchback and a 4-door saloon. Suzuki continued to use the SOHC 16-valve G-family engines, in 1.3 L and 1.5 L form, with power ranging from 85 PS (63 kW) to 97 PS (71 kW). The larger engine was the only one available in the sedan. In 1996, with the introduction of the Cultus Crescent Wagon, Suzuki's first station wagon, the 1.5 L remained base model, and 4WD was offered with the 1.6 L variant, basically the same engine as found in the Suzuki Escudo, with power raised to 115 PS (85 kW). A sports variant, dubbed GT, used Mazda's 1840 cc BP engine, with 135 PS (99 kW).

In 1998, the base Cultus/Swift was no longer marketed in Japan, and Suzuki dropped the "Crescent" name. The larger model was now simply called Cultus, and received new front end styling. The 1.6 L 4WD variant was extended to the rest of the lineup, but not the 1.8 L engine, which was only available in the other bodies other than the wagon in export markets. The Cultus remained in production in Japan until 2002, after a year of overlapping with its replacement, the larger and entirely new Aerio.

Production of the Cultus began in other countries and was available in developing markets such as India as the Maruti Suzuki Baleno til production ceased in 2007 to make way for the Suzuki SX4. Elsewhere internationally, the larger Cultus Crescent was marketed as the Suzuki Baleno and Esteem.

See also: Suzuki History of Cultus

[edit] Marketing: Global

The Cultus grouping of vehicles has been marketed in Asia, North America, South America, Australia, and Europe. Vehicles from the Cultus family were never formally markted in New Zealand but were imported and sold on the secondary market.

[edit] Suzuki Forsa

The Suzuki Forsa was a version of the Generation I Suzuki Cultus — marketed in Ecuador, Chile, Canada and the USA (minimally) from 1985 to 1988 — with Suzuki offering the supermini with either a carbureted 1.0 L inline-3 cylinder or fuel injected 1.0 L inline 3 cylinder turbocharged engine. The Forsa was virtually identical to the vehicles marketed in North America as the Chevrolet Sprint and the Pontiac Firefly.

Suzuki did not initially market the Forsa on the US mainland, but rather only in Hawaii, Guam and the Northern Marianas. An undetermined number of Forsa models were imported to the U.S. mainland to test the commercial viability of a supermini in the US.

As a record of US marketing of the Forsa, listings at the EPA Fuel Mileage Site carry the 1985 model as the Suzuki SA310 (the original JDM name for the Cultus, Forsa and Swift), no listing for 1986 — and both the Forsa and Forsa Turbo for 1987 and 1988. Suzuki then changed the name from Forsa to Swift with 1989 North American sales.

[edit] Suzuki Swift (North America)

Cars of three distinct derivations have carried the Swift nameplate:

* Generations I, II, III: a supermini that began as an export nameplate of the Japanese domestic market Suzuki Cultus. (This article)
* Generation IV: the current JDM, Europe and Oceana generation, a significant departure from the previous models, marketed solely under the nameplate "Swift". See: Suzuki Swift Generation IV
* Canadian Swift+: the current Canada-only generation marketed under the Swift+ nameplate — a sibling of the Daewoo Kalos family. See: Daewoo Kalos

Generation I Swift Following 1985-1988 sales of the Forsa, Suzuki changed the nameplate to Suzuki Swift. The Swift was available as a GTi and GLX hatchback with a 4-door sedan following in 1990 — imported from Japan. The Swift nameplate evolved through the three Cultus generations. After production of the North American Metro, Swift and Firefly ended, Suzuki developed the Generation IV Swift, a distinctly new model, currently for Japan, Europe and Oceana.

The Swift featured a 993 cc inline three cylinder engine producing 50 hp (37 kW). The G10 engine weighed 63 kg (139 lb) and the suspension derived from the Suzuki Alto. Other engine configurations included a carbureted or fuel injected turbocharged 1.0 litre, 3 cylinder (G10) engine and a carbureted or fuel injected 1.3 litre G13. Trim levels included the 1.0 GA and the 1.0 GL. The GA model included plastic wheelcovers, 5-speed gearbox and cloth trim. The GL model included more equipment such as a 5-speed gearbox, alloy wheels, a sunroof, and air conditioning in some markets.

With Generation I, Suzuki marketed the Swift GTi with the G13B engine — a DOHC 16 valve, 1.3 L, in-line 4-cylinder engine with an aluminum block and cylinder head, forged steel crankshaft and connecting rods, and cast aluminum high compression pistons (10:1 compression ratio). Its power output is 101 hp (70 kW). The Generation I Swift GTi was available in European and Asia-Pacific markets.

Generation II Swift The Generation II (AA44S series) was available with a 1.0 liter 3-cylinder with a power output of 53 hp (39 kW), 1.3 liter 4-cylinder, and 1.6 liter 4-cylinder engines. The higher powered Swift GTi had an improved G13B engine which featured hollow camshafts, stronger web casting on the engine block, a better flowing intake manifold (the prior generation intake manifold had its shape compromised to fit into the engine bay), and its ECU now had electronic control over ignition timing. It now put out 100 hp (74 kW) of power. The Swift GTi also featured all wheel disc brakes.

The Generation II Swift was first marketed in North America in two trim levels in 1989; 3-door GTi and 5-door GLX. The GTi name was changed to GT in 1990 because of an out-of-court settlement with Volkswagen of America over their similarly named GTI. The GTi/GT had a 1.3 liter, twin cam 100 hp (70 kW) 16-valve 4-cylinder engine while the GLX had a single cam 8-valve version of the same engine. The 1.0 liter 3-cylinder was never available in North America in the Swift except for Canada where it was sold from 1992 to 1994. In 1990, the GLX was dropped; an inexpensive GA 3-door was added as were a GA, GL and GS 4-door sedan.

The Generation II received a modest restyle and other production changes in 1992, including changes to the bumpers, tail lights and interior. GT/GTi versions were equipped with larger sway-bars, and the camshafts were now solid. Power output remained the same at 100 hp (70 kW). Production for the North American market ended in 1994.

Suzuki Forsa, Gen I

Suzuki Swift, Gen II

Suzuki Cultus Generation II

The second generation, introduced in 1989, had been designed at GM's Technical Center in Warren, Michigan, USA, and was designated the GM M platform. Equipped with engines and drivetrains developed by Suzuki, The second generation offered new styling and four wheel independent strut suspension. A turbocharged version remained fairly popular in Canada, which was the only market for the version.

The first European Generation II model was a "Suzuki Swift" manufactured in September 1992 in Esztergom, Hungary. Updates in 1996 followed, and model year 2000 modifications included a version fitted with the same Suzuki 4 wheel drive system that had been available in the Japanese market and badged as the Subaru Justy. The last modifications were made on the European Gen II from model year 2002 but only for the Hungarian market. The production of the 3-dr models ended in September 2002. In the same year, in December, the 4dr sedan version was also discontinued. The last variation was a 5dr version in March 2003.

Generation II of the Cultus remains in production today in China and Pakistan.
Subaru Justy, circa 2000, a Generation II Cultus derivative manufactured at Magyar Suzuki, Hungary.

Suzuki Cultus Generation II, GM M platform:
Nameplate Market Body
1989-1998 Suzuki Cultus Japan 2/3/4/5
1989-1994 Suzuki Swift N. America 3/4
1989-2004 Suzuki Swift Europe 2/3/4/5 a.
1991-2004 Chevrolet Swift Colombia 3/4 b.
1989-1994 Pontiac Firefly Canada all
1989-1994 Geo Metro N. America 2/3/5 c.
1988–1994 Holden Barina Australia 3/5 d.
1990–1994 Maruti Suzuki 1000 India 4
1995–2007 Maruti Suzuki Esteem India 4
1995–2003 Subaru Justy Europe 3/5 e.
19—2008 Suzuki Cultus Pakistan 5 f.
19—2007 Chang'an Suzuki Lingyang China 4

2= 2-dr convertible
3= 3-dr hatchback
4= 4-dr sedan
5= 5-dr hatchback
un = unknown
a. Manufactured at Magyar Suzuki
b. Imported to Colombia
c. Geo branded models in US after 1989, in Canada after 1992
d. MF, MH: only generations of 'Cultus-derived' Barina
e. Justy JMA/MS, manufactured at Magyar Suzuki
f. Manufactured at Paksuzuki

US Generation II models received the following NHTSA's New Car Assessment Program ratings:

* Front Impact, Driver: 3/5 stars Safety Concern: High likelihood of thigh injury
* Front Impact, Passenger: 3/5 stars

See NHTSA Test Results: 1994 Geo Metro
See Video: 1993 Geo Metro Canadian Crash Test

[edit] Generation III
Generation III Chevrolet Metro sedan
Also called Geo Metro (1995-1997)
Chevrolet Metro (1998-2001)
Pontiac Firefly
Suzuki Swift
Production 1995–2001
Assembly Ingersoll, Ontario, Canada
Body style(s) 3-door hatchback
4-door sedan
Layout FF layout
Platform M platform
Engine(s) 1.0L 55 hp (41 kW) I3
1.3L 70 hp (52 kW) I4
1.3L 79 hp (59 kW) I4
Transmission(s) 5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Wheelbase 93.1 in (2365 mm)
Length 149.4 in (3795 mm) (Hatchback)
164.0 in (4166 mm) (Sedan)
Width 62.6 in (1590 mm)
Height 54.7 in (1389 mm) (Hatchback)
55.4 in (1407 mm) (Sedan)
Fuel capacity 10.6 US gal (40.1 L; 8.8 imp gal)

The third generation of the Cultus was introduced in 1995 as a 3-door hatchback and 4-door sedan — using an adaptation of the longer wheelbase platform from Generation II for both body configurations. Also designed at GM's Technical Center and built on the GM M platform with drivetrains developed by Suzuki, Generation III models were marketed only in North America, carrying the nameplates Geo Metro (later re-branded the Chevrolet Metro), Pontiac Firefly and Suzuki Swift — and sourced only from CAMI Automotive. Production ended after model year 2001.

Comparison of Generation III/II 3-door hatchback interior dimensions:
Gen III Gen II
Front Headroom (in.) 39.10 37.80
Rear Headroom (in.) 36.00 36.50
Front Legroom (in.) 42.50 42.50
Rear Legroom (in.) 32.80 29.8

The third generation featured two engines, a revised 1.3L 4-cylinder engine (with hydraulic lifters and lash adjusters, and a 30,000-mile service interval[2]) and a 1.0L 3-cylinder engine. Suzuki Swifts were available with only the revised 4-cylinder. The hatchback body configuration featured a three-inch lower liftover height compared to the Generation II model,[2] more in keeping with the liftover height of the Generation I models. Safety equipment included optional anti-lock brakes, safety cage construction with deformable front and rear crush zones and five structural crossbars engineered to spread side impact loads throughout the car's structure,[2] steel side impact door safety beams,[3] and daytime running lights (the Generation III Metro was the first GM car to offer DRLs), and dual frontal airbags. A new, one-piece instrument panel was mounted to one of the five crossmembers (internally called the "bazooka bar") with a new, full seal filling the gap between the instrument panel and the dash.[2] The sedan and coupe chassis were 20% and 5% stiffer respectively than the previous generation 5-door and coupe Metros,[2] and at the time of its introduction, the Metro was the smallest car in the world to meet the impending 1997 North American side impact standards.[2] The revised sedan was also introduced in the United States, replacing the 5-door hatchback. The Generation III featured a coefficient of drag of .32.[3]

At the time of the Generation III introduction, 41% of Metro buyers are first-car buyers, 62% of the buyers were female, and the median age of a Metro buyer was 37.[2]

Suzuki Cultus Generation III, GM M platform:
Nameplate Market Body
1995-2001 Suzuki Swift N. America 3
1995-2001 Pontiac Firefly Canada 3/4
1995-1997 Geo Metro N. America 3/4
1998-2001 Chevrolet Metro USA 3/4

3= 3-dr hatchback
4= 4-dr sedan

[edit] Safety

US Generation III models received the following NHTSA's New Car Assessment Program ratings:

* Front Impact, Driver: 4/5 stars
* Front Impact, Passenger: 4/5 stars

Test numbers indicate the chance of serious injury: 4 = 10-20%
See NHTSA Test Results: 1996 Geo Metro
See Video: 1998 Canadian Geo Metro Crash Test

[edit] Awards

The American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE) named the Generation III Chevrolet Metro and Suzuki Swift as the top two gasoline-fueled vehicles within their Top 12 Greenest Vehicles in 1998 and 1999. ACEEE assigns a Green Score to each vehicle make and model sold in the US, based on the vehicles’ exhaust emissions, fuel economy and other specifications.[4][5][6]